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COP28 Summit - If there is no change, the global warming will exceed 2℃ by 2030

At the United Nations Climate Summit COP28 held in Dubai yesterday, United Nations Secretary-General Guterres pointed out that this year is the hottest year in human history. "We are experiencing a moment of global boiling climate collapse." He said that droughts and floods are occurring around the world. As extreme disasters such as wildfires and wildfires continue, leaders of various countries should be afraid and take immediate action.

On the eve of the opening of COP28, the European Commission elaborated on the EU's goals for this session. The first priority is to promote the commitment of countries to triple the installation of renewable energy and triple the energy efficiency by 2030, and achieve The climate fund target is US$100 billion (approximately NT$3.15 trillion). This is a global renewable energy and energy efficiency pledge jointly initiated by the United States, the European Union and the host of COP28, the United Arab Emirates. More than 100 countries have agreed to participate in the initiative.

Steele, executive secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, said there are only six years left before the earth's temperature rises above 1.5 degrees Celsius. He called on all countries to adjust their climate change plans, accelerate carbon reduction, and called for the "final decline" of fossil fuels. (terminal decline), otherwise we will usher in our own terminal decline, at the cost of human lives.

Countries will discuss the "2030 carbon reduction targets." The United Nations Environment Program released the 2030 emissions gap report on the eve of the opening. Global warming must be controlled within 1.5 degrees Celsius. By 2030 The world must reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 42% by 2020. However, taking stock of the carbon reduction paths currently proposed by various countries, global carbon emissions will increase by 3% by then, and warming will exceed two degrees Celsius, with disastrous consequences.

The United Nations report points out that if global warming is to be controlled to 2 degrees Celsius, global carbon emissions must fall by 28% by 2030. If the warming is to be controlled to 1.5 degrees Celsius, emissions must be significantly reduced by 20%. Forty-two.

Comparing the carbon reduction targets of various countries, the United States plans to invest US$375 billion in the development of clean energy, which is expected to reduce carbon emissions by one billion tons year by year, reaching the goal of reducing carbon emissions by 50% by 2030. Australia, a major coal-producing country, has proposed to reduce carbon emissions by 43% by 2030. The United Arab Emirates, the host country of the climate summit, also announced that it will increase its carbon reduction target from 30% to 40% in 2030.

As for mainland China, the world's largest source of carbon emissions, the current plan is to reach "carbon peak" in 2030, and carbon emissions will still grow slowly before that.

South Korea has announced a 40% carbon reduction target, and Japan has a 50% carbon reduction target.

In comparison, China's 2030 carbon reduction target announced by the National Development Council is only 24%. Environmental group Greenpeace criticized Taiwan for seriously lagging behind the world and called on presidential candidates of all parties to raise their carbon reduction targets and keep up. internationality.

Zhao Jiawei, director of the Taiwan Climate Action Network Research Center, said that this year’s summit proposed an initiative to “triple the number of renewable energy installations by 2030” and has received support from more than 60 countries around the world. However, China is currently planning to Renewable energy targets have declined, and Taiwan’s energy transformation targets need to be strengthened.

Wu Peiying, a professor at the Department of Agricultural Economics at National Taiwan University, believes that comparing the carbon reduction percentages announced by various countries is of little significance, and the actual carbon reduction results are the key; conditions such as economic development, industrial structure, and energy ratio should be examined to propose transformation goals and reduction targets suitable for our country. carbon path.

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